after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s,
Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.
One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic
elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's
semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two
contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite
international observers' claims of voting irregularities. Kiswahili or
Swahili, Kiunguja (name for Swahili in
and Arabic are spoken, besides the many local languages.