Comoros has endured 19
coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in
1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence
from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. Azali seized power in a
bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords
power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among
the three islands, and each island maintains its own local government.
Azali won the 2002 Presidential election, and each island in the
archipelago elected its own president. Azali stepped down in 2006 and
President Sambi took office. Since 2006, Anjouan's President Mohamed
Bacar has refused to work effectively with the Union presidency. Arabic
are the official languages; Shikomoro is also spoken.