- a nation with a Turkic and majority-Muslim population - was briefly
independent from 1918 to 1920; it regained its independence after the
collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Despite a 1994 cease-fire,
Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over the
Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh enclave (largely Armenian populated).
Azerbaijani (Azeri) is the primary language; Lezgi, Russian, and
Armenian are also spoken.