Resistance by native
Caribs prevented colonization on St. Vincent until 1719. Disputed
and the United Kingdom for
most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783.
Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate
administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was
granted in 1969 and independence in 1979. English
and French patois are spoken.