This desolate, arctic,
mountainous island was named after a Dutch
whaling captain who indisputably discovered it in 1614 (earlier claims
are inconclusive). Visited only occasionally by seal hunters and
trappers over the following centuries, the island came under Norwegian
sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg
volcano resumed activity in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in
1985. It is the northernmost active volcano on earth.